For the first time in 60 years, China’s total population fell in 2022. Two interconnected trends account for this change (from FT).
- Down from 10.41 in 2019, the birth rate in 2022 was 6.77 births for every 1,000 people — the lowest on record.
- The national death rate was 7.37 per 1,000 people in 2022 — the highest since 1970.
After decades of its infamous one-child policy, Xi's China is about to experience a demographic shock.